Impact of Food Waste

80 %

of U.S. freshwater

50 %

of U.S. land usage

10 %

total U.S. energy

The Cost of our
Food System


of food
is wasted


caused by
perishable items


lost value
in retail (US)

Roughly 1/3 of all food produced for human consumption goes to waste. This issue is most prevalent in the developed world, with the US, Australia, Denmark, Switzerland, and Canada being the most egregious.

According to food waste research done by ReFED, consumer facing businesses account for 40% of food waste, with retailers accounting for its largest amount. In the US alone, retailers generate roughly $18 billion a year in lost value due to waste, which is double the total net profits. Perishable products represent 87% of the waste volume.

Managing the inventory of fresh products in relation to expiring dates and the consumer’s attitudes towards them is thus the main challenge to minimize food waste throughout the retail supply chain.

Registered causes of food waste generation in a typical UE retail business

Source: Refresh Community of Experts

Waste occurs in every step
of the supply chain.



Impact of waste

When food is wasted, all the resources that were invested into its production,
distribution, and storage are wasted as well.

Carbon emission

3.3 B tons of greenhouse gas. If food waste were a country, it the 3rd GHG emitter after the US and China.


250 km³ of surface and groundwater resources aproximately double the volume of Lake Tahoe


Produced and uneaten food occupies 1.4 B hectares of land, ~30 % of the world's agricultural land area.


Agriculture responsible for 66% of threats to species and monocultures threatening biodiversity

Impact of food waste
in numbers

GHG emissions

6 %

Uneaten food rots in landfills, where it accounts for nearly a quarter of all U.S. methane emissions, a greenhouse gas even more destructive than CO2. In the European Union, food waste is responsible for 6% of all GHG emissions.


11 %

Despite food waste being a major issue, world hunger remains prevalent, affecting more than 800M people worldwide (11% of the global population).

most favoured option

energy recovery

least favoured option

Prevention is the most favored option in combating food waste

High potential solutions

ReFED identified 27 solutions to food waste. Wasteless
incorporates three of these solutions:

Waste diverted from

Economic value of
waste diverted ($/ ton)

Consumer education

Dynamic price tags will make consumers more aware of expiration dates and waste

Improved inventory

Automatically track remaining shelf life and have smoother order forecasting


Creates a secondary market
within the same store by offering lower prices for expiring goods

Wasteless helps tackle the food waste issue by preventing waste from unsold perishable products at the retail level. Meanwhile, consumers can make more sustainable purchase decisions, increasing their awareness towards waste and translating into less waste at the household level.

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